The Hierarchy of Food Needs

Food is the basic necessity of our life. So basically food is ‘anything solid or liquid which when swallowed, digested and assimilated in the body helps to keep the body well.’ Food affects the efficiency to keep well, to work, to be happy and live long.

How would it look to apply the principles of Maslow’s Hierarchy  of Needs to Food Management? Let us together unfold the answer to this question, here in this article.

Abraham Maslow arranged a basic needs in order of sequential importance to individual and taught us that at each level must be satisfied before the individual can become aware and address the next level of need.

From the foundation level to the apex of Maslow’s needs are as follows:

  1. Physiological Needs: Air, water, food, shelter, sleep and sex.
  2. Safety and Security Needs: Safety regarding anything harmful
  3. Social Needs: Love, affection and a sense of belonging
  4. Esteem Needs: Self-esteem and esteem by others, appraisals
  5. Self -actualization Needs: Being all the individual can be.

Now let us come to the hierarchy of food needs: This hierarchy is important to understand to basic needs. So let us have a look:

  1. Enough Food
  2. Acceptable Food
  3. Reliable, on-going access to Food
  4. Good –tasting Food
  5. Novel Food
  6. Instrumental Food

Detailed Explanation:

For those whose most pressing concern is getting enough to eat, help them choose dependably filling and satisfying food. Address energy inadequacy by providing fat-butter, oil or salad dressing to vegetables and grains and using whole –some milk. You have to point the nutritional value of chosen food items and suggest additional low cost food items that are both energy dense and nutritious.

Do try to avoid prioritizing food selection based nutritional considerations alone. To what extent is this model true? There is a comparison between the values for the rich and poor. Even the recent observation suggests that taste, safety, price and nutrition are top four food values for both low and high income. The ranking for high income is taste, nutrition, safety and price and for low income is price, taste safety and nutrition, factors like fairness, novelty and origin were ranked last for both high and low income groups.

So it can be said that model does not necessarily suggest income is the main driver-only that one has to meet a ‘lower’ need via whatever means before another  ‘higher’ need is met.

Relation between Food and Health

Food is the prime necessity of life. It contributes to the physical, mental and emotional health of an individual. Food supplies the nutrients needed by the body in necessary amount, provides for the growth of the young and the adequate maintenance of adults.

Individuals who are in a state of good health are better equipped to resist infection, have chances of a longer life span, and show many positive signs of good health like abundant energy, vitality and good spirits.

Food satisfies certain emotional  needs of the human being. Do you know that food which is nutritionally adequate may not always give a sense of genuine satisfaction to the consumer? People travelling to new lands have to adjust themselves to the unfamiliar food customs.

It is a well- known fact that eating provides an outlet for the stress and strain of life. It thereby satisfies needs.

Food provides the nutrients which help us to maintain our healthy status and a proper life-style.

Hope this article has answered your question. Stay connected with us for more updates regarding health and nutrition as we provide the best tips regarding these issues.

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